Christmas Recipes
This dictionary of culinary terms and food glossary makes it easy to find information on specfic foods, dishes, cooking methods, and recipes. Information is listed by keyword.

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Ladleto move portions of a food using a ladle. A utensil with a cup-like bowl and a long hooked or pierced handle and available in various sizes; used to pour sauces and liquids (ex. soups) and to push sauces and other foods through a sieve.
Ladyfingersa small finger-shaped sponge cake, like a cookie.
Lagerany light beer.
Lambthe meat of a sheep slaughtered when less than 1 year old; generally tender with a mild flavor; also known as a yearling.
Lamb’s Frythe heart, liver, sweetbread and inside fat of the lamb.
Lamb’s Lettucea handy annual plant also known as corn salad. A salad green.
Lamb’s Woola fancy hot alcoholic drink made of hot sweetened ale, roasted apples, and nutmeg or ginger.
Langoustesee spiny lobster.
Lardtenderized hog fat used in pie crusts and for deep-frying. Also, to insert strips of fat into meat to keep it moist and add flavor.
Larding needlea long needle with a large eye, used to insert strips of fat into lean meats.
Lasagne1. Wide, flat Italian pasta sheets with ruffled or smooth edges. 2. An Italian dish made with boiled lasagna layered with cheese (usually ricotta and mozzarella) and meats and/or vegetables and topped with a tomato, meat and/or béamel sauce and baked.
Layer Caketwo, three or more layers of cake with a filling between.
Lazy Susana revolving tray that sits in the middle of a dining table. Usually round.
Laurelbay leaf.
Leanthe FDA-approved food-labeling term used to describe meat, poultry, game, fish or shellfish that contains less than 10 grams of fat, less than 4 grams of saturated fat and less than 95 mg of cholesterol per serving or per 100 grams.
Leavento lighten and increase the volume of bakery products. Leavening agents are yeast, baking powder, baking soda and eggs.
Leavening agent; Leavener1. A substance used to leaven a dough or batter; may be natural (ex. air or steam), chemical (ex. baking powder or baking soda) or biological (ex. yeast). 2. A type of food additive used to produce or stimulate production of carbon dioxide in baked goods to impart a light texture.
Leeka member of the lily family (Allium porrum); has a thick, cylindrical white stalk with a slightly bulbous root end and many flat, dull dark green leaves; the tender white stalk has a flavor that is sweeter and stronger than a scallion but milder than an onion and is used in salads and as a flavoring.
Leesthe sediment of dregs left as wine or liquors ferments. Also, the settling of a liquid.
Legumesa large group of plants that have double-seamed pods, containing a single row of seeds; depending on the variety, the seeds, pod and seeds together, or the dried seeds, are eaten.
Lemona citrus fruit (Citrus limon) with a bright yellow skin, and an ovoid shape with a bulge at the blossom end, juicy yellow flesh and a very tart, distinctive flavor.
Lemon Solea particularly delicate flounder taken in the waters of Georges Bank, Cape Cod and Massachusetts.
Lentilsthe small flat seeds of a variety of legumes (Lens esculenta); sold shelled, dried or cooked.
Lettuceany of a variety of plants of the genus Lactuca, probably native to the Mediterranean and now grown worldwide; their leaves are generally consumed fresh in salads or used as a garnish. There are three principal types of lettuces
Liaisona thickening or binding agent for soups, sauces, stuffings and so on. Examples are flour, beurre maniésee above), cornstarch, eggs, arrowroot, etc.
Lightthe FDA-approved food-labeling term used to describe a nutritionally altered food with at least 33% less calories, 50% less fat or 50% less sodium than the regular or reference (i.e. FDA standard) food.
Lightsthe lungs of an animal.
Limean ovoid citrus fruit (Citrus aurantifolia) with a thin, green skin; smaller than a lemon, it has a juicy, pale green pulp and a very tart flavor.
LinguineItalian for small tongue and used to describe long, narrow, slightly flattened strands of pasta.
Linzer Tortea double hazelnut cookie filled with jam and made famous in Vienna, Austria.
Liqueura sweet alcoholic drink also known as a cordial and as a digestif, to be drunk after meals and served in small glasses. Also used to flavor desserts and in pastry making.
Littleneck Clamsclams 1 1/2 inches long.
Lo Mein1. Fresh Chinese egg noodles. 2. A Chinese-American dish of poultry, shrimp and/or meat with vegetables such as bean sprouts, mushrooms, water chestnuts, bamboo shoots and green onions served over soft noodles.
Loquata small citrus fruit that sweetens as it ripens. It is good peeled, stewed with sugar, and served with cream or combined with other fruits.
Lotus Roota water lily whose root is used as a vegetable. It is crisp when fresh. Sold dried, cut into rounds in Oriental markets.
Lotus Seedssmall and nutlike, these can be eaten raw or cooked into a stuffing.
Luaua traditional Hawaiian freest featuring roast pig.
Lycheea small fruit native to South China. It has a sweet-sour flavor and is considered as good canned as fresh.
Lyonnaise, à a“in the style of Lyons”, literally, and usually featuring shredded fried onions as a garnish. Lyons is a city in central France famous for its cuisine. Macadamia Nut
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